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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 26, 2011 2:30pm-3:00pm PDT

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>> union bank has put its financial strength to work for a wide range of companies, from small businesses to major corporations. what can we do for you? >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." 6 months since the start of the uprising in syria, a bbc exclusive. tonight, we reports from damascus. >> every page of our passport,
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every bit of equipment. >> reason denies talks of writing off its debt with international creditors. and the first african woman to receive the nobel peace prize has died. k back at the life and a rich legacy. welcome to our viewers on pbs in america and also a around the globe. for six months, there has been almost daily protests against the regime in syria. it is estimated that the crackdown on protesters has cost more than 2.5000 lives. much of the violence has only been captured on grainy telephone images. the bbc and other news
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organizations has made repeated attempts to gain access to syria. finally, my colleague is in damascus. >> there has been an extraordinary six months here across syria, unprecedented street protests. and also an increasingly brutal crackdown. it has been so difficult for the world to really know what is happening here because of restrictions. the government still accuses the foreign media of not telling every side of the story. it doesn't mean that the capital has escaped from the pressures of street politics and the moment. we have been trying for months to take the road to damascus.
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we have spent hours of the border getting in. they looked through every page of our passport and every bit of equipment. but these journalists are getting in to tell the story. the government complained that nobody is telling their side. i have been coming to syria for years. so what has changed after six months of protests and a brutal crackdown? you don't see it here, and the heart of the city. damascus hasn't lost its charm, but there are no tourists to enjoy it. if business is suffering. i did not expect -- and expect people to openly criticize the government. one man happily told us there were no problems and later whispered that he could not tell the truth. plainclothes agents are everywhere.
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there is clearly some genuine support for the president. >> everybody here, the population 23 million -- [inaudible] >> these are what he calls lies. videos sent by activists. the government insists the protesters are criminal games. activists that did believe in dialogue no longer do. he tells me the government tried to force people off the streets with violence. it failed. this could be a moment of no return. no one here can say when the end will come and what kind of syria will emerge. >> that is the question, where is the government, trying to
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take this country? what about reforms repeatedly promised? i spoke to the senior adviser and asked why the promised reform had not materialized. >> over six months, we have had so many things -- the emergency law has been lifted, a new political party -- >> it was a very important announcement by the president, but look at what is happening on the streets. even in the suburbs of damascus, the protests we have seen showing security forces of the higher -- opening fire.
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>> the problem with the protesters is that they are violent people. they don't want to believe any of that. [unintelligible] a very important doctor has been killed by these people. day one, we have armed gangs killing and maiming people. >> do you believe that the majority of protesters are on the kings? >> not the majority -- are armed gangs? >> not the majority, no. peaceful protest is fine. [talking over each her] think of what has been issued, the president is culminating a committee to rewrite the
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constitution. and we have a parliamentary elections. what can you do? i feel that the issue now, really, is not the regime. the issue is for the country not to slide into war. >> this is what people are saying. the issue is that the killings must stop. amnesty international has called the most disturbing case in detention. the first woman to die in detention, her parents found, by mistake, heard decapitated body. how do you explain that? [talking over each other] >> i refuse the accusation that it is the government or the country that are scheming -- >> they tied her arms, hands,
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and defeat. -- and feet. >> i can assure you that my neighbors that have been strangled by armed gangs -- in order to fight this kind of terrorism -- >>: on the world to hell -- calling on the world to help syria. we have heard the same morning from protesters. both sides blaming the other, but it is a real worry in the capital. >> anti-gaddafi fighters have surged from the east for the first time in their assaults. soldiers traded rocket fire as they edge from the eastern suburbs into the city.
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the surge comes two days after the fighters attacked from the west and retreated. one of the last remaining gaddafi strongholds. they're traveling with the ntc forces and inside the boundaries. >> where we are in the moment is the battle going on behind me. let's move the camera so you can see. this is the gate. the ntc troops came in and pulled down the green flags of colonel gaddafi. the roundabout, the entrance on the side. the fighting has been going on in the city itself. we are hiding behind -- trying to keep cover, because there is returned fire coming in here -- return-fire coming in here.
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this is the other side of the tower, you can see buildings. artillery shells are flying over our heads. a little quiet at the moment, there has been some heavy fire going on here. >> in other news, an american has been killed and another wounded in a shooting at an annex to the u.s. embassy in kabul. the spokesman says the attack involved an afghan employee that was also killed. it comes less than a week after former president rabbali was assassinated. the prime minister has resigned after a public brow with president -- raoow with presidet medvedev. he disagreed with the plan to
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increase military spending because it would be detrimental to government finances. the greek finance ministry has officially denied that an orderly default has been discussed with international creditors. it follows rumors that a plan for reduction has been worked out with the imf, eu, and greec.e e. under the new plan, they would get extra resources from the bailout fund. investors react to the proposal. >> the urozone -- eurozone saga continues, another big week for greece. protesters demonstrated against government spending cuts. teargas was used. investors are expected to arrive in days to see if greece has
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passed conditions for more bailout. the ability to repay anything like what was still owed. >> i expect absolutely nothing, because we can't management. -- manage it. >> it is a big week for germany, too. the parliament will vote on a bailout plan announced back in july. there has been anger about the idea of german taxpayers coming to the rescue of other nations. there is pressure on the german chancellor as more bailout money is proposed. >> what we can do is destroy the confidence of all investors that get to a situation -- what we can't do is destroy the confidence of all investors and to get to a situation where no one will put their money and
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more. >> what will the latest plan look like? the latest fund still to be ratified will be able to spend 440 billion euros helping government and the banks. they are now boosting the firepower to two trillion euros. greece being allowed to cut the debt burden by 50% in an orderly default process. >> to present to the markets and say, this is what we've got in case things go wrong. >> the big players on the international financial states have urged leaders to think, but it is not clear on whether they will deliver. >> greece is at the epicenter of this financial crisis.
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it has driven the market was held for weeks. i spoke to mark in athens just a short time ago. they are saying publicly that greece will default, but isn't looking rather inevitable? >> privately, people are beginning to except that some defaults is a bigger. -- is bigger. gdp, atthe country's that level, it is really an unsustainable. while in public, the finance minister in washington and also the government spokesperson here has said that they are not talking about a 50% here cut -- haircut. they are not talking about an orderly default. i am told that the inevitability
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of some kind of large hair cut is now likely because hit is unsustainable, the second of 109 billion euros has failed to stimulate growth. >> what will be the fault actually mean for greece itself? >> they say they would welcome it because it would reduce the debt burden and provide some kind of debt relief. if there were a 50% haircut, it will cut the debt very largely. people feel that it can be in
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portugal, ireland. dodge from athens to airliners today. boeing is officially delivering its 7873 minor 2 japan's airways. -- 787 to japan's airways. it is due to touch down in tokyo on tuesday. caroline reports. >> it might be three years behind schedule, but the 787 dreamliner is delivered. it is the most technologically advanced commercial airplane in history and will cut fuel costs thanks to its light weight structure. >> we celebrate significant moment in the history of lights. certifying in delivering that all their airplane in a once-
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in-a-decade if not once in a generation or once-in-a- lifetime ingenuity. >> there was a ceremony in washington state. if they have ordered 55 dream liners and route $200 million. boeing plans to ramp up production by the end of next year. >> is an aggressive schedule. i think boeing is going to do everything that it can do to give plans to customers and avoid penalties. >> is not just greater fuel efficiency. more frequent air recycling integrator humidity -- despite
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delays, boeing has an impressive backlog of orders. expectations for the new aircraft remain high. >> still to come, africa's first woman to when the nobel peace prize leaves an environmental legacy that she hopes others will follow. indian farmers are taking the government to court, to -- claiming the colonial authorities will claim the capital. >> these farmers have returned
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to claim their land. the family used to have a farm just there. by what is today the indian parliament. his friends say the defense and, ministries were built on their land, taking away from their parents by the british. insurgents say that an entire village was knocked down to make way for the president goes the house. there is hardly any trace of them left. their faith was only recently discovered in colonial records. >> when the british did finally leave india, they did not just hand over archives and government buildings, but the archives they used to rule the country. there is the acquisition act of 1894, a draconian bit of
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legislation which they have used to affect farmers from the land around here. it is still in place today and making a lot of people unhappy. accused of acting like the old colonial rulers, and the opposing government has promised to rewrite the lancelot. - in the of -- india's government has promised to rewrite the land law. they will file a complaint against britain. after a century of waiting, they are determined to win. >> debutante balls are a tradition celebrated in many countries around the world. if the people of australia, the event has been going strong for 60 years. to mark the anniversary, 12 teenage girls participated in a
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ceremony that is seen as a symbolic step into adulthood we report on the special significance of those that took part. >> it is a special day at this school in mel bourne. the final practice of the dance steps for a night to remember. this is a place where young aboriginal women come out. >> these are experiences that they would not have otherwise had in their -- have had in their community. >> just like any other debs, the makup, hair, the detail means everything. especially to women that are exposed to dysfunctional lives. >> running away from pain, and
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getting into bed. my mom is really proud of me, i missed out on school. >> the first came out in the 1940's, shocking many in what was that and more racist society. this is how they live, and hearts and in poverty. many of the families can't afford the dresses, some wellborn -- so melbounrne people help out. >> i am real nervous at the moment. >> this is integration with a step in its staff -- skip in its step. it's a room full of pride.
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>> they are giving the opportunity to look forward to what you want to do in the future. these things at my opportunities. >> aboriginal people make up 2% of the australia population. the hope here is that these young women will step forward and take their place as leaders. a generation not always mainstream, but no longer marginal. duncan kennedy, bbc news, sydney. >> a true african carolyn, how archbishop desmond tutu remember to the -- remembered the first african woman to achieve that honor. yesterday, she died of cancer at the age of 71. we have more on her life and her legacy. >> she was known around the
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world. in december of 2004, she won the nobel peace prize for her tireless environmental work in kenya, including tree planting. the first african woman to win the award, it was a big surprise to many people. they had not seen the strong link to the environment, poverty, and peace. >> [unintelligible] to bring courage and power to women in the african region. it can only make men stand up and wonder what hit them. >> the campaign began in the 1970's. the aim was to help women improve their livelihood, getting fire wood for cooking
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and clean water. police -- almost 60 million trees have been planted in kenya. at a time when the oppressive government was in power, and speaking out could put your life in danger. >> this is the center of nairobi, about 20 years ago, the ruling party tried to fill a 60-story skyscraper. but she protested. it was clearly land-grubbing by the political elite. she was beaten up for her protests and imprisoned, but today it is still a great area. >> she became a source of inspiration. she died at the age of 71 from cancer. she will be remembered as a truly great african that stood up against the wrath of the injustices. no matter how dark the cloud,
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there is always a fan, silver lining -- thin, silver lining. >> that brings to de's show to a close. you can get constant updates on the web site. facegbo -- check out facebook.com/bb cworldnews. thank you for watching. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding was made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu. newman's own foundation.
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and union bank. >> union bank offers unique insight and expertise in a range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> brown: global markets rallied today on hopes that european leaders would take steps to
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